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Islamic Law (Fiqh)

The subject matter of Fiqh is the description of different forms of worship and transactions and their Islamic rulings: obligation, prohibition, recommendation, reprehension and permissibly.


Allah has made zakat obligatory so that it cleanses people’s hearts of greed and miserliness, provides help for the poor and the needy and gives it Allah’s blessing.

What does not invalidate Ablution

What does not invalidate Ablution: 1. Touching a person of the other sex skin to skin. 2. Bleeding from any part of the body other than that which comes from the private parts. 3. Vomit, regardless of its amount. 4. Doubting whether one’s ablution has been invalidated. 5. Loud laughter during the prayer (this invalidates the prayer but not the wudhu). 6. Washing a dead person to prepare him for burial.

The Obligatory Acts of Ablution

The Obligatory Acts of Ablution: 1.Washing one’s whole face. 2.Washing one’s arms up to the elbows. 3.Wiping one’s head with one’s wet hand. 4.Washing one’s feet up to the ankles. 5.Following the proper order. 6.Continuous progress: one part immediately after the one before it, without delay.

Recommended practices of sound nature (i.e. fitrah)

Recommended practices of sound nature (i.e. fitrah): 1.Shaving pubic hair. 2.Circumcision. 3.Trimming the moustache. 4.Nail clipping. 5.Plucking the armpit. 6- Brushing one’s teeth. 7- Rinsing one’s nose and mouth. 8- Washing the back of finger joints. 9- Washing private parts.

Sources of Islamic legislation

Sources of Islamic legislation 1-Textual sources: - Quran -Sunnah 2- Sources requiring scholarly endeavor (ijtihad). 1-      Unanimity (i.e. Ijma' ). 2-      Analogy (i.e. Qiyas). 3-      Subtle analogy (i.e. Isthsan). 4-      Interests without rulings (i.e. Ma li Mursalah). 5-      Customs of Muslims (i.e. al- 'Urf). 6-      Statements by the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Companions’. 7-      The laws of earlier divine religions. 8-      Prevention of what leads to the prohibited (i.e. sadd al-dhara’i'). 9-      Al-Istishab.

What is recommended in the prayer

What is recommended in the prayer • Saying (opening du’aa’) after the opening takbeer. • Seeking refuge with Allah. • Saying Bismillaah. • Saying Ameen. • Reciting a surah after al-Faatihah. • Reciting out loud, in the case of the imam or individual in the first two rak'ah of Fajr, Maghreb and Isha. •Saying after the tahmeed (Rabbana wa laka’l-hamd): “Mil’ al-samawaati wa mil’ al-ard wa mil’ ma shi’ta min shay’in ba’d (Filling the heavens, filling the earth, and filling whatever else You wish).” •Saying the tasbeeh (when bowing or in prostration) more than once, such as a second or third time or more. • Saying “Rabb ighfir li (Lord forgive me)” more than once between the two prostrations. •Saying the recommended du’aa’ after offering the salutation upon the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his family known as Assalatul Ibrahimiyah.