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Hanbli school

Methodology: Texts, The rulings of the Prophet’s Companions, whenever they agreed on a question. When the Prophet’s Companions disagreed, he would choose the view he considered closest to the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

Al-Shafi'i School

Methodology: Qur'an, Sunnah, Unanimity of (all) the Scholars, the statement of any Companion of the Prophet (pbuh), provided there is no disagreement among the Prophet’s Companions on the same matter, Analogy: applying a stated verdict to a question that carries no verdict, provided that the reasoning for this verdict applies equally to both questions.

Works of Maliki School

Sunan’s Al-Mudawwanah, rulings and statements as transmitted by Abd al-Rahmaan ibn al-Qasim; and Mukhta ar Khal l. Al-Dardr’s Al-Shar al-Kabr, with further annotations by Ibn Arafah al-Dusqi; Muhammad Al-Abdari al-Mawwq’s Al-Tj wal-Ikll; and al-ab’s shiyat Mawhib al-Jall fi Shar Mukhtaar Khall.

Works of Hanafi School

Among the best known works that explain the Hanafi school of Fiqh is Ibn Abidin’s Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar; Mas’ud al-Kasani’s Bada’I’ al-Sana’i fi Tartib al-Shara’i; and Ibn al-Hammam’s Fath al-Qadir.

Islamic Law (Fiqh)

The subject matter of Fiqh is the description of different forms of worship and transactions and their Islamic rulings: obligation, prohibition, recommendation, reprehension and permissibly.


Allah has made zakat obligatory so that it cleanses people’s hearts of greed and miserliness, provides help for the poor and the needy and gives it Allah’s blessing.

What does not invalidate Ablution

What does not invalidate Ablution: 1. Touching a person of the other sex skin to skin. 2. Bleeding from any part of the body other than that which comes from the private parts. 3. Vomit, regardless of its amount. 4. Doubting whether one’s ablution has been invalidated. 5. Loud laughter during the prayer (this invalidates the prayer but not the wudhu). 6. Washing a dead person to prepare him for burial.