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Zakat al-Fitr is a duty incumbent on every Muslim. Ibn 'Umar reports: ‘Allah’s messenger made the Zakat al-Fitr, a sa' of dates or barley, binding on every Muslim: slave or free, male or female, young or old.
Scholars agree that Zakat is due on jewelry kept as savings. But they differ in their view on jewelry kept for permissible use. As a conclusion, zakat is not due on usable jewelry if it is within reasonable limits.
The zakat payable on gold and silver is 2.5 %, which means that for 20 dinars (a dinar was the gold currency) half a dinar is payable. For any little or great amount above that the same rate of 2.5 % applies.
If the borrower is facing hardship and cannot repay the debt, the lender pays zakat for the loan once it is repaid. If it had been with the borrower for several years, the lender pays its zakat for one year only. On the other hand, if the loan is given to someone who has money and is able to repay it, its zakat is due on the lender every year, because financial instruments being with someone able to repay them is like its being with the lender.
Praying it is a communal obligation and it must be prayed in congregation and in the masjid. When the eclipse is visible and can be seen by people, the call is made to gather the Muslims in the mosque.
Offering prayers for rain (salaat al-istisqa’) is a Sunnah, as confirmed by saheeh hadeeths and the practice of the early generations of Islam. Ibn Qudaamah said: Prayer for rain is a confirmed Sunnah, proven by the practice of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and of his successors.
The Eid prayer is a collective duty, which means that when some Muslims offer it, the rest are not accountable for their omission. If no one offers it, then all share in the sin. This is because it is one of the clearest manifestations of the Islamic identity of the community.
Friday prayer is a duty on all male Muslims. Those who are free, sane, attained puberty, not travelling, have no excuse to miss it. It is performed at the time of Zuhr prayer and it is invalid without a sermon (speech).