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If a non-Muslim wishes to take part in Islamic prayer alongside Muslims he must not be prevented, particularly if it is felt that this will incline him towards Islam. However, he should be in a separate row or at the end of a row, so that the rows are not interrupted. It is generally agreed that belief is a condition for the validity and acceptability of all actions. This view is endorsed by the Assembly of Muslim Jurists of America (Decision 14-5) and by Shaikh Abd al-Azeez ibn Baz.
Religious coexistence is an ambiguous term that means several things, including peaceful coexistence between the followers of different religions and agreeing a formula that ensures the common interests of all groups, particularly those living in the same regions or having common interests that require their cooperation. It may also mean trying to concoct something out of different faiths, or putting together a common religious framework that dilutes the distinctive beliefs of different religions.
Scholars have expressed two different views on this question. The first view says that a Muslim leaving a Muslim country to live in a non-Muslim one is permissible provided that he is able to declare his faith without being harmed and does not fear to yield to temptation.
It is the duty of a Muslim to support his Muslim brother. This duty may be a collective one, in which once support is given in sufficient measure the duty is rendered to have been discharged, or it may be a personal one, when the support is not enough without him and he is able to give it.
When a Muslim lives in a non-Muslim country he is exposed to integration or assimilation in society. This may result in shedding some religious and cultural aspects that are essentially Islamic. What should be a Muslim’s attitude to integration? Can integration be achieved while retaining such essentials?
In Decision 13 of the fifth convention, held in Manama, Bahrain, 1428 AH, 2007, the Assembly of Muslim Jurists of America stated that a Muslim may not make an application to open a restaurant or fast-food cafeteria which sells forbidden items of food or drink unless his application is limited to the food and drink that are permissible in Islam.
Letting space to install cash machines (ATMs) for people to obtain cash is permissible according to Decision 13-5 of the Assembly of Muslim Jurists of America, adopted at its fifth convention held in 1428 AH, 2007, in Manama, Bahrain, and Decision 5-18 of the European Council for Fatwa and Research.
Decision 13-5 of the Assembly of Muslim Jurists of America makes clear that it is perfectly permissible to receive the price of the goods one sells through payment by credit card.
It is permissible for a Muslim to work or invest in such shops provided that the buyer and seller exchange goods and money in situations where such an exchange is required.
It is not permissible for a Muslim who invests or works in the shops that are part of petrol stations, or anywhere else, to sell the lottery tickets or other forbidden articles that are normally sold in such places.