content of level
The Arabic term hadd (plural: hudud) is defined as a punishment stated in Islamic law for encroaching on the limits set by Allah. It is also defined as a punishment stated in Islamic law, as a deterrent from committing a similar offence.
The prescribed punishment for false accusation of adultery is severe for reasons such as: protecting society, safeguarding honors and putting an end to evil talk and indecency.
Accusing an innocent person with adultery or any immoral acts is strictly forbidden by God by clear statements. All Muslim scholars agree that it is a cardinal crime; due to the harm caused to the person and society.
To enforce the punishment for adultery, it must first be proven to have occurred. The proof required is either four confessions by the doer, or the testimony of four witnesses.
Hudud are punishments for encroaching on the limits set by God, their legitimacy is based on the Quran, Sunnah and unanimity of scholars such as adultery and theft punishments.
Punishment are of two types. The first is to neglect or omit duties when one is able to fulfil them, such as the repayment of debts, delivering things held in trust to their rightful owners, safeguarding the property of orphans and delivering these when the orphans come of age. Any of these may be punished by Ta'zir until the person concerned does his duty.
The punishment for drinking intoxicants is 40 lashes, but it may be increased to 80 if the Muslim ruler determines that such an increase is needed to make the punishment a more effective deterrent.
Allah has determined that the punishment for anyone who accuses a Muslim of adultery, without providing the necessary proof, is 80 lashes. Furthermore, the accuser is considered a fasiq, i.e. ‘transgressor’ and he is totally disqualified as a witness in any case whatsoever. This shows how grave this sin is…
It is absolutely forbidden to accuse anyone of immoral and lewd action. Allah says: ‘Those who accuse chaste women who may have been unthinkingly careless but remained true believers, shall be rejected by Allah in this world as well as in the life to come. They shall endure awesome suffering’ (24: 23).
The Arabic term hadd (plural: hudud) is defined as a punishment stated in Islamic law for encroaching on the limits set by Allah. The hudud aim to deter people from committing acts of disobedience of Allah. Thus, they help to spread security and reassurance in the community.