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One of the worst traits a person can have is to speak ill behind someone's back when they cannot defend themselves. It is important we realize and accept that at some point even those with good character have gossiped and have been sinful.
Types of ta’zir punishments are varied, they can be physical, financial, combination of both physical and financial, imprisonment and exile or moral punishments such as public rebuke.
Ta’zir punishment has no measures, they are left to the judge’s discretion, it can go as high as the capital punishment if it protects the community as in the case of spying crime.
Ta’zir, in the Islamic law, are punishments needed to protect society against chaos and corruption. The enforcement of a ta’zir punishment is subject to the Muslim ruler’s discretion.
The prescribed punishment for false accusation of adultery is severe for reasons such as: protecting society, safeguarding honors and putting an end to evil talk and indecency.
Accusing an innocent person with adultery or any immoral acts is strictly forbidden by God by clear statements. All Muslim scholars agree that it is a cardinal crime; due to the harm caused to the person and society.
To enforce the punishment for adultery, it must first be proven to have occurred. The proof required is either four confessions by the doer, or the testimony of four witnesses.
Zina is one of the gravest and most wicked sins, it leaves serious effects, causing absence of clarity of lineage. This is why, Islam warns very sternly against all extramarital relations.
Hudud are punishments for encroaching on the limits set by God, their legitimacy is based on the Quran, Sunnah and unanimity of scholars such as adultery and theft punishments.