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The Euro Fatwa App is a simplified and concise Fiqh guide issued by the European Council for Fatwa and Research (ECFR) to enable the European Muslims to adhere to the regulations and manners of Islam and to fulfill their duties as Muslim citizens, while taking care of the legal, customary and cultural specificities of European societies.
Methodology: Texts, The rulings of the Prophet’s Companions, whenever they agreed on a question. When the Prophet’s Companions disagreed, he would choose the view he considered closest to the Qur’an and the Sunnah.
Mohammed al-Ramli -Nihayat al-Muhtaj ila Shar al-Minhaj; 2) Ahmad al-Haytami’s -Tufaht al-Muhtaj fi Sharh al-Minhaj; and 3) al-Khab al-Shirbni’s Mughni- al-Muhtaj ila Shar al-Minhaj.
Methodology: Qur'an, Sunnah, Unanimity of (all) the Scholars, the statement of any Companion of the Prophet (pbuh), provided there is no disagreement among the Prophet’s Companions on the same matter, Analogy: applying a stated verdict to a question that carries no verdict, provided that the reasoning for this verdict applies equally to both questions.
Sunan’s Al-Mudawwanah, rulings and statements as transmitted by Abd al-Rahmaan ibn al-Qasim; and Mukhta ar Khal l. Al-Dardr’s Al-Shar al-Kabr, with further annotations by Ibn Arafah al-Dusqi; Muhammad Al-Abdari al-Mawwq’s Al-Tj wal-Ikll; and al-ab’s shiyat Mawhib al-Jall fi Shar Mukhtaar Khall.
Among the best known works that explain the Hanafi school of Fiqh is Ibn Abidin’s Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar; Mas’ud al-Kasani’s Bada’I’ al-Sana’i fi Tartib al-Shara’i; and Ibn al-Hammam’s Fath al-Qadir.
The subject matter of Fiqh is the description of different forms of worship and transactions and their Islamic rulings: obligation, prohibition, recommendation, reprehension and permissibly.
Sources of Islamic legislation 1-Textual sources: - Quran -Sunnah 2- Sources requiring scholarly endeavor (ijtihad). 1- Unanimity (i.e. Ijma' ). 2- Analogy (i.e. Qiyas). 3- Subtle analogy (i.e. Isthsan). 4- Interests without rulings (i.e. Ma li Mursalah). 5- Customs of Muslims (i.e. al- 'Urf). 6- Statements by the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Companions’. 7- The laws of earlier divine religions. 8- Prevention of what leads to the prohibited (i.e. sadd al-dhara’i'). 9- Al-Istishab.
This book, Rulings of Islamic Law: A Simplified Presentation is the first of a series which aims to provide Islamic knowledge covering all the areas of life in which a person needs authentic Islamic knowledge from validated sources.