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When the intention should be formed
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When the intention should be formed

What is more important than fasting is forming the intention. Muslims are obliged to form the intention and it must be formed before dawn. If the fasting is voluntary it is acceptable to form it during the day.

Confirmation of the start of Ramadan
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Confirmation of the start of Ramadan

Ramadan is a lunar month so its start and end are confirmed by the sighting of the new moon. It requires two acceptable Muslims testifying to the fact, but if no one sees it; Muslims must complete the precedent month. 

The spiritual concept of fasting
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The spiritual concept of fasting

Fasting is a means of expressing one’s gratitude for Allah’s blessings. It stops a person from eating, drinking and sex, which are some of Allah’s great blessings. To refrain from them for a considerable time is to show one’s appreciation of these blessings.

Pledges
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Pledges

A Nadhr is a pledge to do something for God’s sake, a Muslim is encouraged to do good deeds without making pledges, but if he makes a Nadhr he must fulfil his commitment.

The heirs
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The heirs

The heirs are 9 types of male relatives and 6 types of female relatives receiving different shares of heritage according to the status of the deceased and his relationship with the heirs as discussed in the article.

Inheritance
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Inheritance

Inheritance is distributed among the heirs that should -according to the Islamic rules- fulfill one of the following characters, marriage or blood relation or Wala’: which is a contract between two persons. 

The dowry
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The dowry

Dowry is an amount of money that the groom should pay to his to be wife at the time of marriage contract. It is mandatory by Quran and Sunnah and it becomes wife’s property.  It is enjoined by God to honor brides. 

Conditions of Zakat
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Conditions of Zakat

Zakat is due on Muslims only but some conditions are to be applied such as; being free, owning more than person’s need from money food and clothes, and in some cases the turn of a full lunar year on a person’s property.  

Zakat al-Fitr
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Zakat al-Fitr

Zakat al- fitr is due after the month of Ramadan is over. Each Muslim must pay it on his behalf and for those whom he is duty bound to support. How it is paid, to whom, the amount and the time are all explained below. 

Social effects of zakat
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Social effects of zakat

Zakat has numerous social effects. It erases zakat payer sins, purifies his heart from any greed and removes any traces of miserliness. It also spreads a spirit of mutual care and love within the Muslim community. 

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