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Ablution, i.e. Wudu’

In Islamic contexts it means ‘the use of water in respect of four organs, the face, arms, head and feet, in a particular way defined by Islam with the intention of worship.

Recommended practices of sound nature

Allah’s Messenger -PBUH- said: “Ten practices are part of sound human nature: trimming the moustache, growing one’s beard, brushing one’s teeth, rinsing one’s nose, clipping one’s nails, washing the back of finger joints, plucking armpit hair, shaving pubic hair and washing private parts.”

Muslim bathroom etiquette

It is forbidden to urinate in stagnant water, hold the Qur’an or to read it when one is in the toilet, hold one’s penis with one’s right hand when urinating, and one should not use it to clean oneself after urination or defecation. It is also forbidden to urinate or defecate by the roadside.

Toilet Manners

When one goes to the toilet, one is recommended to say before entering: ‘In the name of Allah. My Lord, I seek shelter with You from all that is dirty and foul.


Istijmar involves wiping with a solid object that is pure and cleansing, such as toilet paper, stones, wood, etc.

Istinja and Istibra

Istinja’ is the Arabic word used for the removal of traces of what is discharged through the private parts, while istijmar signifies the use of a cleansing solid object, such as toilet paper or something similar.

What is reprehensible when relieving oneself

What is reprehensible when relieving oneself a- Relieving oneself in an open area and it is windy, to do it facing the direction of the wind. b- To converse with anyone and  to urinate over a crevice in the ground. c- To take anything in which Allah’s name is written, except when necessary.

Unbelievers’ utensils

The primary ruling is that these are permissible to use. However, if it is known that they are contaminated with impurity, then they may not be used until they have been washed.

Containers, plates and utensils

Under this heading all types of utensils are included, including metal containers. To start with, these are permissible to use,  as Allah says: ‘It is He who created for you all that is on earth’ (2: 29).


Linguistically speaking, purification means cleanliness and being free of dirt. Technically, purity is divided into two types; removing the filth and uplifting the ritual status of impurity.