All Card


list of Card

Toilet Manners

When one goes to the toilet, one is recommended to say before entering: ‘In the name of Allah. My Lord, I seek shelter with You from all that is dirty and foul.


Istijmar involves wiping with a solid object that is pure and cleansing, such as toilet paper, stones, wood, etc.

Istinja and Istibra

Istinja’ is the Arabic word used for the removal of traces of what is discharged through the private parts, while istijmar signifies the use of a cleansing solid object, such as toilet paper or something similar.

What is reprehensible when relieving oneself

What is reprehensible when relieving oneself a- Relieving oneself in an open area and it is windy, to do it facing the direction of the wind. b- To converse with anyone and  to urinate over a crevice in the ground. c- To take anything in which Allah’s name is written, except when necessary.

Unbelievers’ utensils

The primary ruling is that these are permissible to use. However, if it is known that they are contaminated with impurity, then they may not be used until they have been washed.

Containers, plates and utensils

Under this heading all types of utensils are included, including metal containers. To start with, these are permissible to use,  as Allah says: ‘It is He who created for you all that is on earth’ (2: 29).


Linguistically speaking, purification means cleanliness and being free of dirt. Technically, purity is divided into two types; removing the filth and uplifting the ritual status of impurity.

Hanbli school

Methodology: Texts, The rulings of the Prophet’s Companions, whenever they agreed on a question. When the Prophet’s Companions disagreed, he would choose the view he considered closest to the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

Al-Shafi'i School

Methodology: Qur'an, Sunnah, Unanimity of (all) the Scholars, the statement of any Companion of the Prophet (pbuh), provided there is no disagreement among the Prophet’s Companions on the same matter, Analogy: applying a stated verdict to a question that carries no verdict, provided that the reasoning for this verdict applies equally to both questions.

Works of Maliki School

Sunan’s Al-Mudawwanah, rulings and statements as transmitted by Abd al-Rahmaan ibn al-Qasim; and Mukhta ar Khal l. Al-Dardr’s Al-Shar al-Kabr, with further annotations by Ibn Arafah al-Dusqi; Muhammad Al-Abdari al-Mawwq’s Al-Tj wal-Ikll; and al-ab’s shiyat Mawhib al-Jall fi Shar Mukhtaar Khall.

Works of Hanafi School

Among the best known works that explain the Hanafi school of Fiqh is Ibn Abidin’s Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar; Mas’ud al-Kasani’s Bada’I’ al-Sana’i fi Tartib al-Shara’i; and Ibn al-Hammam’s Fath al-Qadir.