Postnatal discharge usually lasts for 4o days and women are not allowed to pray or fast during this duration. It doesn’t have a minimum duration but if she is clean before 40 days she can take a bath and offer prayers.
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Women in menstruation are forbidden from having penetrative sexual intercourse, prayers, fasting, holding Qur'an, performing Tawaf, reciting Qur'an, staying in a mosque, and getting divorced.
Menses or Hayd is the natural blood discharge from women uterus through her vagina. It could start at the age of 9 and stops by the age of 50. It usually lasts for 6 to 7 days and it requires a bath at the end “ghusl”.
Impurities refer to all foul materials. It should be removed by washing it off. In case of dogs impurities it should be washed 7 times one of them with dust. Other rules apply on different sources of impurities.
To perform dry ablution one must first have the right intention and say “in the name of God” then strike the ground with his both hands, blow the dust off them and wipe his face and hands up to the wrist, only one time.
There are some conditions that render dry ablution invalid such as the presence of water or anything that invalidates ablution. It also becomes invalid if the reason for it no longer exists such as illness.
There are certain conditions in which dry ablution is allowed and valid for Muslims. To perform dry ablution successfully one must form the intention first and make sure the rest of the conditions are available.
Dry ablution “Tayamum” is performing ablution using dust when water is not available. In this case, pure dust is passed lightly over one’s face and hands. It is a legitimate concession granted for Muslims.
Women ghusl procedure starts by pouring water on her hair for three times making sure that the water reaches the skin of her head then she continues washing the rest of her body.
Ghusl is recommended and a must in many cases as a refresher and a way to be purer. These cases include; before Friday prayer, Eid prayer, entering the state of consecration and after washing a deceased person.
Ghusl in Islam is to pour pure water over one’s body in a special way with the intention of worshipping Allah. And it is obligatory in some cases like semen discharge, converting to Islam, after menstruation.
Wiping over khuff during ablution is a form of Islam easiness when it is hard to remove it or its likes. But some conditions make it invalid like; time limit and feet exposure. More cases are clarified in this article.
Wiping over the kuffs is permitted instead of removing it during ablution. The Prophet (PBUH) used to wipe over the top of his khuffs, and if one wipes over the back or the bottom of his khuffs; wiping is invalid.
Instead of removing your socks or khuffs during each ablution, one can wipe over it. But there are some conditions and rules to be followed so the wiping is valid. This article discusses these conditions in details.
Kuff is what is worn over the feet. It includes socks and could be made of various materials. God has permitted his servants to wipe over it during ablution if they cover the feet up to the ankles as a form of easiness.
In some cases ablution is not mandatory but it is recommended as the person is in his best state when he has performed the ablution. These situations include; reciting Quran, sleeping, or before each prayer.
Wudu (ablution) is required in some situations; like prayer. As God would not accept a prayer without ablution. Other cases like tawaf (going around the Kabah) and holding Quran without cover also require wudu.
No prayer would be accepted if one’s ablution has been invalidated. But there are some cases and situations that are mistakenly thought to break the ablution like vomiting and other situations mentioned below.
There are some things that make ablution invalid; such as any discharge from private parts and this applies to stool, urine, semen, blood and wind. Also Deep sleep and touching one’s private parts break ablution.
Valid ablution is mandatory for any Muslim to pray and there is no other view on this subject. For ablution to be correct one must be sane, have the intention, follow the proper order and wash the obligatory parts.