Definition: Child custody means, according to Islamic law, taking care of a child when it cannot look after itself, and to bring the child up, looking after it physically and mentally, protecting it against anything that could cause it harm.

Ruling: Custody is obligatory to be taken by the adult if he or she is the only one to take it, or if there are more than one but the child accepts only one of them.

A child is in the custody of its parents, providing their marriage remains in force. If they are divorced the child’s custody is given to the mother, unless she gets married to someone who is unrelated to the child.

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