Conditions of Zakat

Conditions of Zakat

source :Osoul Global Center

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Zakat is due on Muslims only but some conditions are to be applied such as; being free, owning more than person’s need from money food and clothes, and in some cases the turn of a full lunar year on a person’s property.  

Conditions of Zakat

ConditionsZakat is a duty incumbent on those who meet the following conditions:

1-Islam: Zakat is not accepted from unbelievers in Islam, because it is a financial worship which brings a Muslim closer to Allah. No worship is acceptable from an unbeliever until he or she embraces Islam.

:Allah says

‘What prevents their Charity from being accepted from them is that they have disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger.’

(9:54)

2-Freedom: No zakat is taken from slaves.

3-True and settled ownership of the threshold of zakat in excess of a person’s necessities, such as food, clothes and residence.

4- The turn of a full lunar year after the ownership of the threshold of zakat.

:The Prophet  (peace be upon him) says

‘No zakat is due on any property until the turn of a year.’

Related by al-Tirmidhi, hadith No. 632; Ibn Majah, hadith No. 1,792; al-Bayhaqi in Al-Sunan al-Kubra, vol. 4, p. 173

This condition does not apply to agricultural produce, mineral resources or rikaz. With regard to agricultural produce,

 :Allah says

‘Eat of their fruit when they come to fruition, and give (to the poor) what is due to them on harvest day.’

(6:141)

Mineral resources and rikaz are gained from the ground, and as such the condition of the turn of the year does not apply to it.

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