Simplified explanation of the Five pillars of Islam: declaration of faith, prayer, zakat, fasting and pilgrimage, which represent a framework of the Muslim life and the core of Islam religion. Moreover it talks about the The main message of Islam.

The fourth rukn: fasting in Ramadan

Definition: Linguistically speaking, fasting means abstention. In an Islamic context it is to abstain from whatever breaks the fast from dawn until sunset with the intention of worshipping Allah.[1]

Status: Fasting the days of the month of Ramadan is one of the main pillars of Islam, as Allah says:

‘Believers, fasting is decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you, so that you may develop piety’


:Also note the hadith that quotes the Prophet (peace be upon him) as saying

‘Islam has been built on five pillars: testifying that there is no deity but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s messenger, performing the prayers, paying the zakat, making the pilgrimage to the House, and fasting in Ramadan’

Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim

Fasting in Ramadan was made obligatory to all Muslims during the second year of the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) migration to Madinah. The Muslim community is in unanimous agreement that fasting in Ramadan is obligatory and that it is one of the pillars of Islam that are essentially known to all. Anyone who denies its obligation is an apostate unbeliever. We note that this obligation is confirmed in the Qur’an, the Sunnah and by unanimous agreement. Indeed all Muslims agree that whoever denies this obligation is an unbeliever.[2]


  1. Al-Nadawi, Al-Fiqh al-Muyassar, p. 149.
  2. Ibid., p. 150.