Types of Heirs and their Shares:

One: Five kinds of heirs may take a share of one-half:

The husband, when his deceased wife has no male or female offspring by that marriage or an earlier one.

The deceased’s daughter, when she has no siblings, male or female, who are also heirs of the deceased.

The deceased’s son’s daughter, when she is the only heir.

The deceased’s full brother, when he has no siblings to share with him and the deceased has neither offspring nor parents or grandparents.

The deceased’s half sister born to his father, when she has no siblings to inherit with her, and the deceased has neither offspring nor parents or grandparents, nor a full brother or a full sister.

Two: Two kinds of heirs may take a share of one-quarter:

The husband, when his deceased wife has another heir who is a son, a daughter or a grandchild.

The wife, when her deceased husband has no offspring to inherit from him.

Three: Heirs who take a share of one-eighth.

This applies to the deceased’s wife, or wives, when her husband has offspring to inherit from him.

Four: Four kinds of heirs together take a share of two-thirds:

The deceased’s daughters, when their father has no son to share with them.

The deceased’s son’s daughters, when the deceased has neither children nor a grandson

The deceased’s full sisters, when there are two or more of them and they have no full brother to share with them, and the deceased has no offspring to inherit from him.

The deceased’s half-sisters born to his father, when there are two or more of them and they have no brother to share with them, and the deceased has no offspring, full brothers or full sisters to inherit from him.

Five: Two kinds of heirs inherit a share of one-third:

The deceased’s mother, when the deceased has no offspring and no group of siblings to inherit from him.

Half brothers born to the deceased’s mother, when the deceased has neither offspring nor parents or grandparents to inherit from him.

Six: Seven kinds of heirs take a share of one-sixth:

The deceased’s father, when the deceased has children or grandchildren.

The deceased’s grandfather, when the deceased has children or grandchildren.

The deceased’s mother, when the deceased has offspring, and also when the deceased has no offspring but has siblings.

The deceased’s grandmother, when the deceased’s mother has already died.

The deceased’s son’s daughter, when she has no brother to inherit with her, and when the deceased has no higher offspring other than an heir who is entitled to a share of one-half. This granddaughter takes a share of one-sixth only when there is another heir inheriting one-half.

The deceased’s half sister born to his father, when she has no brother to inherit with her, but the deceased must have a full sister who takes a share of one-half.

The deceased’s half brother or half sister born to his mother, when a) the deceased has no offspring to inherit from him; b) the deceased has no male ancestors; and c) there is only one half brother or one half sister.

The Prophet says: ‘Give the assigned shares to the heirs entitled to them and what remains goes to the closest male.’

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