In Islam a marital contract creates a set of duties and rights for both husband and wife in order to guarantee marriage stability and amicable life. This set includes; financial, sexual and companionship rights.
A valid marriage contract creates many rights for both husband and wife. These are:
One: the wife’s rights
A wife has certain financial rights, such as the dowry and being looked after, and other rights, such as fairness, fine companionship, kindly treatment, etc. We may outline these as follows:
1- The dowry, This is mandatory, not something optional.
2- Being looked after: Which includes her food, clothes, medical care and home. All these must be provided by every husband to his wife.
3- Sexual intercourse: This is part of what is due to her in marriage, so that she may not fall to temptation.
4- Proper companionship and kind treatment:
‘And live with them in kindness’
5-Fairness: If one has more than one wife, the husband should be fair in the treatment between one’s wives in the standard of living provided to them and in dividing his time equitably between them.
Two: the husband’s rights
1- Wives should always keep their husband’s secrets, revealing them to no one.
‘So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband's] absence what Allah would have them guard.’
2- Obeying the husband in a fair manner, so that family life continues properly. The husband may not ask his wife anything that is not permissible in Islam. If he asks her to do what Islam prohibits, then the principle that applies here is: ‘No creature may be obeyed in what constitutes disobedience of the Creator.’
3- Giving him his sexual pleasure if he desires her, unless there is a valid reason.
:The Prophet (peace be upon him) said
‘If a man calls his wife to his bed and she refuses, and he sleeps feeling angry with her, the angels will curse her until morning.’
Related by al-Bukhari, hadith No. 3,237; Muslim, hadith No. 1,436
4-Taking care of the family home, his property and their children.
5-Kindly treatment and good manners.